A proveniência dos pigmentos utilizados em pintura em Portugal antes da invenção dos tubos de tintas: problemas e perspectivas

António João Cruz, "A proveniência dos pigmentos utilizados em pintura em Portugal antes da invenção dos tubos de tintas: problemas e perspectivas", in Vítor Serrão, Vanessa Antunes, Ana Isabel Seruya (ed.), As Preparações na Pintura Portuguesa. Séculos XV e XVI, Lisboa, Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa, 2013, ISBN 978-989-96236-2-0, pp. 297-306

 

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Abstract Based on a set of documentary sources of different nature, related to painting, natural history and commerce, complemented with the results obtained from recent laboratory studies of paintings, some issues related to the origin of the pigments used by the Portuguese painters from the late Middle Ages to the mid-nineteenth century were addressed: where the pigments were acquired, were they were manufactured and where their raw materials came from. Those sources suggest that the pigments were mainly sold by druggists in Lisbon and in a few more cities and, at least in the second half of the eighteenth century, were largely brought from the Netherlands and, to a lesser extent, England and Genoa. Pigments of the best quality for exceptionally important works were sometimes purchased directly abroad. The use of pigments with national origin appears to be rare and, besides, limited to natural pigments. I
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